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What is Scientific Writing?

-By Aditi Jain


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Scientific writing is a technical form of writing that is designed to communicate scientific information to an audience of peers, other scientists.

Depending on the specific  genre—a journal article, a scientific poster, or a research proposal, for example—some aspects of the writing may change, such as its purpose, audience.

The goal of scientific writing is to

  • communicate
  • Inform (new findings/information)
  • Interest and/or persuade the reader

Fundamental elements of good scientific writing

  • Clear
  • Precise
  • Logical (structure)


1. Its primary audience is other scientists. Because of its intended audience, student-oriented or general-audience details, definitions, and explanations — which are often necessary in lab manuals or reports — are not terribly useful.

2. It is concise and precise. A goal of scientific writing is to communicate scientific information clearly and concisely.

3. It must be set within the context of other published work. Because science builds on and corrects itself over time, scientific writing must be situated in and reference the findings of previous work.


1. Clear
3. Impartial
5. Objective
6.structural logical


Writing is a very important part of science; it is used to document and communicate ideas, activities and findings to others. Scientific writing can take many forms from a lab notebook to a project report, or from a paper in an academic journal to an article in a scientific magazine.


1.Peer reviewed journal articles that is primary research
2.Grant proposals
3.Literature review article

After completion of any research the scientific have to publish the result of the research it would written in scientific language and in a particular pattern that include:

1. Title ( statement of the research
2. Abstract ( short summary)
3. Introduction ( background and significance)
4. Material and method( Report of research)
5. Result (presentation of data)
6. Discussion section
7. Reference ( source of books)
8. Conclusion

All these point should be include in the report.


This part of the guide covers the typical rules and conventions of scientific writing. They are important to follow because this is part of how scientists communicatewith each other. They are set out as follows:

1. A brief introduction to tables and figures
2. Defining terms and abbreviations
3. Are contractions okay?
4. What about exclamation marks or rhetorical questions?
5. Write to inform not impress
6. Should I be using the active or passive voice?
7. What tense should I use?”


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